结构法解决雅思阅读词汇量不足

2017-09-25编辑: Jennifer来自: 环球教育整理

雅思阅读考察考生的词汇量和句子理解,会把原文句子进行改动-比如单词换掉,句式换掉。

1例

剑桥真题4

obtaining linguistic data(获得语言信息)为例。

Question 37-40

Complete the summary of paragraph G below.

Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from passage for each answer.

A linguist can use a corpus to comment objectively on 37.............. Some corpora include with a wide range of language while others are used to focus on a 38.................. The length of time the process takes will affect the 39................. of the corpus. No corpus can ever cover the whole language and so linguists often find themselves relying on the additional information that can be gained from the 40............. of those who speak the language concerned.

对比两句话的结构

(假设我们大部分单词都不认识的情况)

题目和原文中都有to…相同的结构,

以及to后面都是动词组(comment on/make statement about)动词组中间都穿插有修饰词(objectively/unbiased)

对比之下,这两句话结构基本重合,

答案便是frequency of usage。

2例

剑桥真题8

a chronicle of timekeeping (时间记录的编年史)

Questions 5-8

Look at the following events (Questions 5-8) and the list of nationalities below.

Match each event with the correct nationality, A-F.

Write the correct letter, A-F, in boxes 5-8 on your answer sheet.

5 They devised a civil calendar in which the months were equal in length.

6 They divided the day into two equal halves.

7 They developed a new cabinet shape for a type of timekeeper.

8 They created a calendar to organise public events and work schedules.

List of Nationalities

A Babylonians

B Egyptians

C Greeks

D English

E Germans

F French

结构法还是比较好用的,做题时可作为辅助做法,但烤鸭们也要把基础打扎实哦。掌握单词替换、意思理解。自信的迎接留学生活吧!


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